Animal and Livestock Biotechnology
India has the largest animal husbandry sector in the world with largest livestock population which supports the livelihoods of more than two-thirds of the rural population, mainly small and marginal farmers. Livestock not only sustain food demands of the rural households but also provides stability at the time of crop failures. Therefore, it is important to ensure sustainable animal production and health. Moreover, healthy animals are closely related to healthy people and healthy environment. Hence it is also essential to alleviate animal ailments for improved animal health.
The main aim of the program is to enhance production and productivity of livestock through biotechnological interventions. The department continued R&D support in the area of developing novel reproductive technologies including developing transgenic and cloned animals; conduct basic and applied research in the area of nutrition using physiological and nutritional approach; genome analysis and genetic characterization of indigenous livestock breeds; development of affordable new generation vaccines and diagnostics against major diseases of livestock, dogs and poultry as well as developing quality human resource. The program emphasizes on translational research and product development and also focuses to generate network programs in the priority areas of animal health and reproduction.
Vision: Sustainable growth of livestock and poultry for nutritional security and economic prosperity through biotechnological applications
Some Success Stories
Canine Health Research Program
In order to implement PAN India program on Canine Health Research the department has initiated a program involving investigators from universities and institutions to address major problems of Canine upkeep and maintenance in terms of health, nutrition and therapy etc. to prevent zoonotic infection through integration of human and veterinary medicine interface for addressing One Health concept in canine. Under this program two Canine Research centers have been established, 6 networks formulated, 42 projects have been supported at more than15 state veterinary colleges, national research institutes, national centers and private industries involving nearly 240 PIs, Co-PIs and research scholars.
Program on Bovine Tuberculosis (DTB)
The division after several rounds of brainstorming meetings has formulated a Bovine Tuberculosis Network program in collaboration with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The network program includes several specific components focusing on bTB surveillance for bTB prevalence, bTB control program through BCG vaccination, establishment of repository, and training of young scientists. The program has been jointly funded by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and DBT and has been implemented at 8 academic and national institutes involving nearly 80 PIs, Co-PIs and research scholars.
Brucella Free Village Program
In order to control Brucellosis, a scheme of Brucella Free Village has been planned and to implement this scheme a pilot study has been proposed. Under this study fifty villages have been selected from 10 states wherein the animals and humans will be screened for brucellosis and control measures in terms of animal quarantine for infected animals, treatment for infected humans and vaccination for susceptible animals will be performed to make the village free of brucellosis. This is a mission program and is being monitored by Niti-Ayog. This program will be implemented in phased manner, In phase I, the program will be initiated at 25 villages from five states viz. Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Gujarat, Karnataka and Tamilnadu.
Cattle Genomics Programme
The department has initiated a project on cattle genomics programme. The project envisages generating phenotypic data of five high milk yielding indigenous cattle breeds (Sahiwal, Gir, Red Singhi, Kankrej and Tharparkar), their genomic analysis, identification of SNPs and development of chips for evaluation and selection of quality animals. The main aim of the proposal is to predict breeding value of an animal using genomic information with performance record, genetic worth at an early age. The ability to select an elite animal at an early age will help enhancing the productivity.
Contacts Concerned Officer for more information- Animal Health
|Programme Head||Dr. Nitin K. Jain, Scientist F|
|Programme Officer||Dr. Manoj Singh Rohilla, Scientist E|
|Attached Officer||Dr. Lokesh Kumar Narnoliya, Scientist C|